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Tuts 4 You

The NTkrnl Journal Volume 1 (Issue 1-2)


About This File

Inject the code to Windows Application

It might be that you want to comprehend the ways a virus program injects its procedure in to the interior of a portable executable file and corrupts it, or you are interested in implementing a packer or a protector for your specific intention to encrypt the data of your Portable Executable (PE) file. This article is committed to represent a brief intuition to the performance which is done by EXE tools or some kind of mal-wares.

You can employ the source code of this article to create your custom EXE builder. It could be used to make an EXE protector in the right way, or with a wrong intention, to pullulate a virus. However, my purpose of writing this article has been to gaze on the first application, so I will not be responsible for the immoral usage of these methods.

The .NET File Format

The standards of the .NET format are public, you can find them on Microsoft and in your .NET SDK (look after "Partition II Metadata.doc"), but they are intended to be more like a reference, not really a guide. So, the truth is that a description of the format can be useful. I mean, there's a huge difference between having the WinNT.h and having the full explanation of its structures and stuff. The documentation given by Microsoft has some explanations, but a lot of passages aren't very clear at all. Of course, it's required that you know quite well the PE File Format. If that's not the case, you should start with that first, otherwise you won't be able to make heads or tails of this article. A little warning: I'm not going to explain how to use the libraries given by Microsoft to access the .NET format; I'm going to explain the format itself. This article is based on the Framework 2.0.

.NET Manifest Resources

This article is about the internal format of .NET Manifest Resources (or better the ".resources" files contained in it). I don't know if the code can be useful to you or not (probably not), but I like to write about undocumented stuff. In fact, this article is nothing sensational, I just wrote it 'cause I haven't found any documentation about this subject on the net, not even in the .NET MetaData specifics: Partition II MetaData.doc.

Some time ago I wrote a PE Editor called CFF Explorer ('cause I needed to) with the support for .NET MetaData, since there wasn't such a tool. The only tool I could find was Asmex (which you can find on codeproject), but the problem with that tool is that you cannot modify the MetaData fields and, moreover, it relies still on the .NET Framework. And I don't say this to criticize Asmex, which is surely useful, but because I needed something different. Anyway I wrote a resource viewer for the PE Editor and wanted to show the MetaData resources as well. So, in order to do that, avoiding to use an external .NET Assembly, I had to analyze the Manifest Resource format.

The .NET File Format (continued...)
Inject the code to Windows Application (continued...)


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